Forms Meanings

CHUN JI: (19 moves) - Heaven and Earth

DAN-GUN: ( 21 moves ) - Named for the "Holly Dan-Gun" the legendary founder of Korea in 2333 B.C.

DO-SAN: ( 24 moves ) - Named after Ahn-Chung-Ho, who devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea, and it's independent movements.

WON-HYO: ( 28 moves ) - Was the noted monk who helped spread Buddhism throughout the Silla Dynasty, in 686 A.D.

YUL-GOK: ( 38 moves ) - Named after philosopher and scholar Yi-I, who was nicknamed "Confucius of Korea". The 38 Moves represent his birthplace, on the 38th Latitude. The diagram represents Scholar.

JOONG-GUN: ( 32 moves ) - Named after Ahn-Chung-Gun, who assassinated Hira-Beuma-Ito ( the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea ). The 32 moves represent Mr. Ahn's age, when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison, in 1910.

TAI-GYE: ( 37 moves ) - Named after philosopher and scholar Yi-Wang, who was an expert on "Neo Confucianism". The 37 Moves Represent his birthplace, on the 37th Latitude. The diagram represents Scholar.

WHA-WRANG: ( 29 moves ) - Named after the Wha-Wrang Youth Group, known for the re-unification of the 3 kingdoms of Korea ( Silla, Beukga, Kagaru )

CHUNG-MU: ( 30 moves ) - Named after Admiral Yi-Son-Sin, who created the first Armored Battle Ship ( Kubukson ), the precursor to the modern day submarine.

KWANG-GAE: ( 39 moves ) - Named after Kwang-Ga-To-Wong, the 19th king of the Kagaru Dynasty. Who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents expansion and recovery of lost territory.The 39 moves represent his rein for 39 years.

GE-BAEK: ( 44 moves ) - Named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

PO-EUN: ( 36 moves ) - The poet who wrote "I WOULD NOT SERVE A SECOND MASTER, THOUGH I MIGHT BE CRUCIFIED 100 TIMES", known by every Korean.

JUCHE: ( 45 moves ) - A philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram ( | ) represents Baekdu Mountain.

GE-BAEK: ( 44 moves ) - is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram ( | ) represents his severe and strict military discipline.

SE-JONG: ( 24 moves ) - is named after the greatest Korean king, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram (Z) represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

CHOONG-JANG: ( 52 moves ) - is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

KO-DANG: ( 39 move ) - is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of Korea. The 39 movements of the pattern show the number of times of his imprisonment as well as the location of his birthplace on 39 degrees latitude.

Ko-Dang was replaced by Juche in the early 1980s, either in the year 1982 or 1983.

SAM-IL: ( 33 moves ) - denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

YOO-SIN: ( 68 moves ) - is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A. D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his king’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

CHOI-YONG: ( 46 moves ) - is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later become the first king of the Lee Dynasty.

YON-GAE: ( 49 moves ) - is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A. D., the Year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

UL-JI: ( 42 moves ) - is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram ( L) represents his surname. The 42 movements represents the author’s age when he designed the pattern.

MOON-MOO: ( 61 moves ) - honors the 30th king of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King’s Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

SO-SAN: ( 72 moves ) - is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

EUI-AM: ( 45 moves ) - is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram ( | ) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

TONG-IL: ( 56 moves ) - denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram ( | ) symbolizes the homogenous race.

 

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